Theoretical and practical issues of development and functioning of «green» economy including current state and perspectives of organic (sustainable) agriculture and forestry development as well as energy production from various biofuel sources are considered. It is substantiated that the industries and sectors are the core of bioeconomy and priority development areas of «green» economics. Both the necessity and economic expediency of the state regulation and support of the organic agriculture and bioenergy development including the eff ectiveness of some types of biofuel in Russia are emphasized. The book would be helpful for managers and economic staff of enterprises and companies, government officials, researchers and university teachers, post-graduates and students.